Electric cars keep marveling us. However, one of the biggest issues related to them is regarding their charging. In this article, we discuss the dynamics of charging an electric vehicle and discuss how long it takes to charge an EV.
How Much Time Does EV Charging Take?
The answer to this is not as simple as it seems. This is because this is a multifaceted question.
There are various factors which affect the time it takes to charge an electric vehicle. Some of these include but are not limited to:
- The battery capacity of the vehicle;
- Type of charging that each EV accepts;
- The maximum power that the EV supports.
Let’s explain this with an example of various EV models from different manufacturers.
The Nissan Leaf is a small EV which has a battery capacity of 40 kWh. The range of this car is just 230 km. It takes varying times to fully charge the battery with different charging modes.
- Slow charging on 3.7 kW needs 11 hours;
- Fast charging on 11 kW needs 6 hours;
- Rapid charging on 50 kW needs 1 hour.
Tesla Model S
The Tesla Model S is a luxury vehicle and thus it features a big battery of 75 kWh. The vehicle has a range of 384 km. Here are the different charging times of the vehicle.
- Slow charging on 3.7 kW needs 21 hours;
- Fast charging on 11 kW needs 11 hours;
- Rapid charging on 50 kW needs 2 hours;
- The 150 kW rapid charging needs less than 1 hour to fully charge the battery.
Now let’s consider the example of a PHEV to get an idea of how much time hybrid electric vehicles require for charging.
These vehicles have an internal combustion engine supporting the battery. Thus, the sole responsibility of running the vehicle is not on the electric motor.
That’s why the batteries of such vehicles are much smaller than their all-electric counterparts.
Mitsubishi Outlander PHEV
Here are the times it takes to charge the Mitsubishi Outlander PHEV which has a small 13.8 kWh battery:
- Slow charging on 3.7 kW needs 4 hours;
- Fast charging on 11 kW needs 4 hours;
- Rapid charging on 50 kW needs 40 minutes.
Being a PHEV, the Outlander doesn’t require a big battery. However, the time it needs for charging is still substantial.
Will It Always Take This Long To Charge EV Batteries?
It is pertinent to mention that all the above-mentioned charging times are from a fully drained battery to charging the battery to 100%.
This is a very rare situation. Rather no one ever fully discharges their EV battery because it not only harms the battery life but also puts the risk of such batteries going completely dead.
This is why, most of the time, you will require lesser times than mentioned above to charge the batteries of your EV.
What Is Top-Up Charging?
The practice of putting your EV to charge whenever you park is known as top-up charging.
This practice not only helps EV drivers in keeping the batteries charged at all times but also ensures that they don’t end up in an unfavorable situation somewhere with no EV charger available.
As illustrated by the above-mentioned examples, different electric vehicles require different times to fully charge.
However, all vehicles that support the 100 kW plus charging mode can easily charge the EVs in approximately an hour.